Health in Disaster Management
The recognition of health as a core dimension in disaster risk management instigated the development of the World Health Organisation's health emergency and disaster risk management framework. It provides a common language and a comprehensive all-hazard approach that can be adapted and applied by all who are working to reduce health risks and consequences of disasters. The framework also focuses on improving health outcomes and well-being for communities at risk in different contexts, including in fragile, low- and high-resource settings. The WHO Health Emergency and Disaster Risk Management Framework emphasizes assessing, communicating and reducing risks across the continuum of prevention, preparedness, readiness, response and recovery, and building the resilience of communities, countries and health systems and supports a whole-of-government and a-whole-of-society approach.
Guidance on research methods
Global frameworks establish goals, targets, and indicators to monitor the health impact of disasters and emergencies and resilience in health systems and communities. Policies and actions guided by the best possible evidence are therefore critical for managing the health risks of emergencies and disasters.
Sunset on Montescaglioso landslide. Emanuele Intrieri. Distributed via imaggeo.egu.eu
On 3 December 2013 a large complex landslide was triggered SW of Montescaglioso town, Southern Italy, following a rainfall event of exceptional intensity. It caused the destruction of roads, commercial buildings and private dwellings, and generated several direct and indirect economic losses.
However, the evidence base is very limited, reflecting the overall lack of research in this area. To address this gap, the WHO set out to develop a reference book about methods to guide Health EDM research.
Indonesian landslide buried nearly 100 villagers. I Putu Krishna Wijaya. Distributed via imaggeo.egu.eu
On 12 December 2014, after heavy rainfall of 112 mm/day and 101 mm/day occurred for two consecutive days, a huge mass movement happened in Jemblung Hamlet, Karangkobar sub-district, Banjarnegara District, Central Java Provinces. Many people died suddenly because of extraordinarily widespread slope mass movements which affected a very large area in few minutes. This catastrophic landslide was unexpected by the residences. There were 98 people lost their lives because of slides and mud flow which swept houses on the down slope.
The WHO Guidance on Research Methods for Health Emergency and Disaster Risk Management is an evidence-based guide covering a wide range of research fields. This is a living reference document that will be updated in response to new and important scientific evidence. This guide offers practical advice about how to plan, conduct and report on quantitative and qualitative studies that can inform questions about policies and programs for health-related disasters and emergencies.
Case studies of provide real-life examples of research methods and how they have modified policies. Useful for health professionals, academia, government agencies and ministries, international organizations, and community groups and civil society organizations.
Professor Virginia Murray. Head of Global Disaster Risk Reduction. UK Health Security Agency.
The above link to the Sendai framework is a chart that summarizes the goals, targets, priorities, and principles of this important global agreement towards disaster risk reduction.
The United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction. Here you can find the full Sendai framework, related documents, updates, and resources for disaster risk reduction throughout the world.